Henrik Galeen

Henrik Galeen (1881-1949) was an Austrian-born actor, screenwriter and film director considered an influential figure in the development of German Expresssionistcinema during the silent era.  Considerable mystery exists about Galeen’s early life, and for many years it was uncertain where exactly he was born. Galeen came from a Jewish family in Lemberg, Galicia, which was then part of theAustrian Empire. He moved from Austria to Germany before the First World War, and became assistant to the leading theatre figure Max Reinhardt. Galeen subsequently became an actor in Berlin and touring other German-speaking cities.

German silent films

Galeen first became involved in film in 1913 when he worked on the screenplays for several uncredited films. In 1915 he wrote, directed and acted in The Golem the first of several depictions of the mythical figure The Golem. Following the First World War, he went to work for a branch of the major German studio UFA. He worked as a screenwriter on films such as Ruth’s Two Husbands (1919) and Waxworks(1924).

In 1922 he was engaged to write a version of Dracula, but wrongly believing it to be in copyright, he changed the name to Nosferatu (1922). The film has come to be regarded as a classic of German expressionist cinema and along with two of his later films, The Student of Prague (1926) and Alraune (1928), serves as the basis for Galeen’s high reputation. He also worked on a number of less-remembered films including a series of thrillers starring Harry Piel.

Later career

From 1928 to 1931 he lived in Britain, where he directed a feature film After the Verdict (1928) and worked on a number of short films.[He returned to Germany in 1931 and directed a final film there The House of Dora Green (1933). Following the Nazi Party’s rise to power in 1933, Galeen went exile in Sweden before moving on to the United Kingdom and eventually to the United States.

Selected filmography

Screenwriter

  • The Golem (1915)
  • Ruth’s Two Husbands (1919)
  • Nosferatu (1922)
  • City in View (1923)
  • Waxworks (1924)
  • The Telephone Operator (1925)
  • Zigano (1925)
  • The Student of Prague (1926)

Director

  • The Golem (1915)
  • Judith Trachtenberg (1920)
  • City in View (1923)
  • The Student of Prague (1926)
  • Alraune (1928)
  • After the Verdict (1929)
  • The House of Dora Green (1933)

Actor

  • Dangerous Clues (1924)
  • Zigano (1925)
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